Asian art

Princess Bhrikuti

princess bhrikuti

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If the history of Buddhism in Nepal is traced then there won't be much proof that would be found about Princess Bhrikuti and her contributions and life of Bhrikuti as princess in Nepal. It is believed that she was a princess in the kingdom reign by Licchavi Emperor of Nepal. But Bhrikuti had played a major role in the development of Buddhism in Tibet and also promoted the Buddhism of Nepal in Tibet as well as the skills of many Newar Buddhist craftsmen in Nepal. Princess Bhrikuti along with Emperor Songtsan Gampo and Princess Wencheng change history of Buddhism in Tibet. They are known as legends in Buddhism.

Princess Bhrikuti was a licchavi Princess in Nepal was known as Bal-ma-bza' Khri-btsun, Bhelsa Tritsun or Royal Lady in Tibet. Princess Bhrikuti was considered as the first wife of Emperor Songtsan Gampo of Tibet. According to history of Buddhism, Princess Bhrikuti was believed to be the daughter of King Anshuvarma, the successor of King Srideva of Licchavi Kingdom. Princess Bhrikuti was a devout Buddhist and brought great Buddhist change in the land of Tibet and many Buddhist scholars believed that Princess was the incarnation of Tara, major Bodhisattva an embodiment of Buddhahood who protects the Dharma and Buddhist teachings.

Princess Bhrikuti and Buddhism in Tibet

Jokhang temple

According to history, Princess Bhrikuti was married to Emperor Songtsan Gampo in around 638 BCE due to very close relationship of Nepal with Tibet. As a part of Dowry, Princess Bhrukuti brought Buddha statues of Shakyamuni Buddha statues which was the inspiration of Tibetan Buddha statues in Tibet. Most of the Tibetan Buddha statues are quite similar to Nepali Buddha statues due to various reasons, such as the influence of Newar Buddhist craftsmen who were brought by Princess Bhrikuti as a part of dowry and another reason would be the influence of Buddha statues of Shakyamuni Buddha. Princess Bhrikuti even brought many Buddhist sculptures from Nepal.

Jokhang Temple, one of the important Buddhist pilgrimage sites in Tibet was originally built by King Songtsan Gampo in order to house all the Buddhist sculptures brought by Princess Bhrikuti. Originally the heart or core of Jokhang Temple was the Nepali Buddha statues of Shakyamuni Buddha brought by Bhrikuti until the death of the king when second wife of King Songtsan Gamp i.e. Princess Wengcheng brought Nepal Tibet Buddha statues of Vairochana Buddha, one of the Pancha Buddhas and make it the heart of Jokhang temple. Even though the effort of King Songtsan and Princess Bhrikuti helped in the construction of great Buddhist pilgrimage site of Tibet, i.e. Jokhang Temple.

Besides various Buddhist sculptures, Princess Bhrikuti also brought many Buddhist scriptures that contains the teachings and practices related with Vajrayana Buddhism and Newar Buddhism practices. These Nepalese Buddhist practices and methods helped in the thorough development of Tibetan Buddhism in Nepal thus, it deepened the relationship of Buddhism in Tibet with Newar Buddhism.

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Contributions of Princess Bhrikuti

Besides various Buddhist sculptures, Princess Bhrikuti also brought many Buddhist scriptures that contains the teachings and practices related with Vajrayana and Newar Buddhism practices. These Nepalese Buddhist practices and methods helped in the thorough development of Tibetan Buddhism in Nepal thus, it deepened the relationship of Buddhism in Tibet with Newar Buddhism.

Potala Palace, one of the wonder of Tibetan Buddhism is consists of many parts i.e. White Palace, Red Palace etc. It is said that Red Palace was built and constructed by Newar craftsmen under the wish of Princess Bhrikuti. Samye, one of the oldest Buddhist monastery in Tibet consists of many Buddha statues and Buddhist sculptures such as Tub wang was also built under the wishes of Princess Bhrikuti. Due to her devotion and contribution in the development of Buddhism in Tibet, Princess Bhrikuti was considered as Green Tara in Tibetan iconography while Princess Wencheng of China was considered as the White Tara in Tibetan iconography.

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Our collections of Buddha statues and arts

Old Nepali Bodhisattva statue

Old Nepali Bodhisattva statue

950 euro
Antique Burmese Buddha statue

Antique Burmese Buddha statue

125 euro
Antique bronze Chiang Saen Buddha statue

Antique bronze Chiang Saen Buddha statue

950 euro
Antique bronze Buddha statue

Antique bronze Buddha statue

750 euro
Antique crowned Shan Buddha statue

Antique crowned Shan Buddha statue

300 euro
Old bronze Buddha - Shakti statue

Old bronze Buddha - Shakti statue

750 euro
Special Burmese wooden Buddha statue

Special Burmese wooden Buddha statue

5500 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

850 euro
Old Nepali Lokeshwar statue

Old Nepali Lokeshwar statue

750 euro
Antique Burmese offering vessel

Antique Burmese offering vessel

850 euro
Antique Burmese Shan Buddha statue

Antique Burmese Shan Buddha statue

1450 euro
Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

115 euro
Antique Burmese Mandalay Buddha statue

Antique Burmese Mandalay Buddha statue

175 euro
Old bronze Nepali Ganesha statue

Old bronze Nepali Ganesha statue

350 euro
Old bronze Burmese Buddha statue

Old bronze Burmese Buddha statue

1450 euro
High quality Nepali bronze Buddha statue

High quality Nepali bronze Buddha statue

1500 euro
Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha

Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha

1950 euro
Antique marble Shan Buddha statue

Antique marble Shan Buddha statue

375 euro
Antique Burmese offering vessel

Antique Burmese offering vessel

600 euro
Special antique bronze crowned Buddha

Special antique bronze crowned Buddha

8500 euro
Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha

Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha

975 euro
Antique pair of Burmese Nat statues

Antique pair of Burmese Nat statues

150 euro
Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha

Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha

1950 euro
Antique Burmese Shan Buddha statue

Antique Burmese Shan Buddha statue

375 euro
Antique wooden Buddha statue

Antique wooden Buddha statue

250 euro
Antique bronze Mandalay Buddha

Antique bronze Mandalay Buddha

2750 euro
Old Nepali Lokeshwor statue - high quality

Old Nepali Lokeshwor statue - high quality

2250 euro
Antique bronze Mandalay Buddha statue

Antique bronze Mandalay Buddha statue

2350 euro
Large old wooden crowned Buddha

Large old wooden crowned Buddha

2950 euro
Antique Burmese Shan Buddha

Antique Burmese Shan Buddha

750 euro
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